What You Need To Know About NP Fertilizer
Ammonium phosphate is typically formed when ammonium reacts with phosphoric acid or a mixture of phosphoric and nitric and sulfuric acids. Ammonium phosphate is the number one producer of nitrogen and phosphorus compounds in the fertilizer industry. Extreme analysis, high level of solubility in water as well as great physical traits and low cost of production are some of the positive features.
Both diammonium phosphate and monoammonium phosphate are elements that are produced when ammonium and phosphoric acid are mixed together. They normally exist in granular form. The liquid form has been replaced by ammonium phosphate. The development and manufacture of ammonium phosphate played a big role in the development of the fluid fertilizer industry.
The high availability of nutrients in NP fertilizers has led to production of compounds that can be handled economically to compete with the dry granular forms of fertilizers. Both nitrogen and phosphorus are important elements when it comes to growing plants. They have a number of characteristics that can benefit plants.
Nitrogen in plants
Healthy plants generally contain about 4 percent of nitrogen in the tissues that are above the ground. This percentage of nitrogen is quite high compared to the levels of nutrients in the soil and in the plants.
Hydrogen, carbon and oxygen do not have any significance when it comes to soil management programs; however, they are available in high amounts.
Nitrogen is very important because it is an important element in chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is a crucial compound that plants use to trap energy from the sun so as to produce sugars from carbon dioxide and water in a process known as photosynthesis.
Nitrogen is also a crucial element in amino acids which act as the building blocks of protein. If plants lack protein, they wither easily and die as a result. There are certain types of protein that act as structural elements in the cells of the plants while there are others that act as enzymes, catalyzing many chemical reactions. Nitrogen is also a vital element in energy transfer compounds like adenosine triphosphate. The adenosine triphosphate helps the plant cells to conserve and utilize the energy that is produced during metabolism.
Additionally, nitrogen is also an important element in nucleic acids like DNA. DNA is basically a genetic material that helps the cells to grow as well as to reproduce. Nitrogen is an important compound without which life would be very difficult.
Nitrogen in the soil exists in three forms. There is the ammonium form, organic nitrogen compounds and also nitrate ions.
99 percent of nitrogen that is in the soil exists in the organic form, either as animal residue and plant residue in a stable organic matter or nitrogen that is in living things such as bacteria and microbes. Nitrogen is not directly found in plants. However, some of the nitrogen can be converted into the three forms by microorganisms. It is only a small amount of nitrogen that is available in soluble organic compounds like urea that may be available in plants in very small quantities.
Majority of the nitrogen that is available in plants is in its inorganic form such as nitrate ions and ammonium which is sometimes known as mineral nitrogen. The ammonium ions bind together with the cation exchange complex which is negative and this makes it behave like other cations in the soil. On the other hand, nitrate ions are negatively charged and thus do not bind with the solids in the soil.
Sources of Nitrogen
The nitrogen that plants use in the soil can only be found from two sources namely minerals that contain nitrogen as well as the nitrogen storehouse in the atmosphere. The nitrogen that is found in soil minerals are produced when the minerals decompose. This process is very slow and takes a very long period of time and thus releases only a small amount of nitrogen in the soil.
Atmospheric nitrogen is actually the main source of nitrogen in the soil. It exists in the atmosphere as inert N2 and has to be converted before it becomes resourceful in the soil. However, the amount of nitrogen that dissolves in the soil depends on thunderstorms. Plants take up nitrogen very fast; this is because nitrogen is required by the plants for very many processes to take place. This is the reason there is need for NP fertilizers so as to supplement the nitrogen that is lost to plants.
Phosphorus in NP Fertilizers: Its Importance and Uses
Phosphorus is a compound that is made up of complex nucleic acid blocks of plants which control protein synthesis. Phosphorus is very vital when it comes to the division of cells as well as the development of tissues. Phosphorus is also important to the complex energy transformation process in plants.
When you add phosphorus to soil that has very low phosphorus content, it helps promote the growth of roots as well as winter hardness, hastens maturity and also stimulates tillering. Plants that have very little phosphorus do not grow normal and most of the time the plants appear to have an abnormal dark green color. Sugars can accumulate in the plants and bring about anthocyanin pigments that produce a reddish color in the plant. This can clearly be seen in plants with low phosphorus content.
However, these symptoms are only visible when there is no phosphorus in the plants or when the amount available is negligible. You should know that these are severe symptoms, but crops may respond positively if you use an NP fertilizer. A plant appearing red in color does not necessarily mean it lacks phosphorus; it may be a normal characteristic of the plant. The red coloring may also be caused by other factors like for instance damage by an insect. This problem interferes with the transport of sugar in the plant.
Phosphorus is highly recommended as an applied starter fertilizer that promotes early growth in plants. You can find phosphorus in NP fertilizers which also have nitrogen nutrients.