An Overview Of Wheat Fertilization
Wheat is utilized in cereals, breads, pastas, and etc. This grain just happens to one of the most consumed foods by humans and animals. For this reason, there is a high production need for the crop. The domestic wheat is slightly different than that of wild strains, in that the grains are larger in size and the rachis holds the seeds to the ear of the grain, even during the harvesting process. In order for the plant growth to be vital, there is a technique utilized by farmers to ensure high productivity levels.
Fertilization requires efforts from both the farmer and extension soil scientists that study the technique. If the process is not followed through, then there is a high risk of crop failure, which can be devastating to the agriculture industry. Times have definitely changed and the way the fertilization process has revolved. Now farmers are utilizing nitrogen to supply the wheat with the proper amount of nutrients, which is essential to the plant life.
The fertilization technique is very complex, even the time of the fertilizer application is crucial. Fertilizers are very costly and just happen to be one of the biggest expenses that farmers have to factor into their budget. Of course, the time of the year that the fertilizer is applied to the crop will depend on the location and climate. While many farmers will opt to top dress their soil during the month of February, others prefer March, because they feel that a higher quantity of wheat will be yielded.
There are a large variety of macronutrients that play a huge role in the plant growth and vitality. These nutrients are broken down into categories including main, secondary, and micronutrients. For instance, the nitrogen will provide adequate nutrition that is necessary for leaf growth. Whereas phosphorus is necessary for the development of seeds, fruit, flowers, and roots. As you can see, the proper amount of fertilizer is crucial for the hopes of a positive outcome.
The proper soil testing technique must be comprehensively. If the soil has been tilled, then your samples should come from 1-2’ soil depth, but if the soil has been in no-till for a significant period of time, then you should take the samples from the tillage layer, which is 4-8”. It is also crucial to take samples from different sections of the field, because there may be a major difference in the soil properties.
Nitrogen is a vital nutrient from plants. Even though it makes up a huge portion of the environment, plants will not have access to this form of nitrogen. The fixed form is required in order for plants to receive any nutritional value from the element.
There are several different types of fertilizers including straight, inorganic, organic, and multi-nutrient. The straight fertilizer will only provide a single nutrient of nitrogen, phosphorus, or potassium. The multi-nutrient fertilizer will provide several nutrients for the wheat.
The wheat fertilization technique is very complex and requires a lot of work and dedication, in order for the farmer to yield a healthy crop.